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Effects of a participatory community quality improvement strategy on improving household and provider health care behaviors and practices: a propen…

A new interesting article has been published in BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018 Sep 24;18(Suppl 1):364. doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-1977-9. and titled:

Effects of a participatory community quality improvement strategy on improving household and provider health care behaviors and practices: a propen…

Authors of this article are:
Wereta T Betemariam W Karim AM Fesseha Zemichael N Dagnew S Wanboru A Bhattacharya A.

A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: Maternal and newborn health care intervention coverage has increased in many low-income countries over the last decade, yet poor quality of care remains a challenge, limiting health gains. The World Health Organization envisions community engagement as a critical component of health care delivery systems to ensure quality services, responsive to community needs. Aligned with this, a Participatory Community Quality Improvement (PCQI) strategy was introduced in Ethiopia, in 14 of 91 rural woredas (districts) where the Last Ten Kilometers Project (L10 K) Platform activities were supporting national Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (BEmONC) strengthening strategies. This paper examines the effects of the PCQI strategy in improving maternal and newborn care behaviors, and providers’ and households’ practices.METHODS: PCQI engages communities in identifying barriers to access and quality of services, and developing, implementing and monitoring solutions. Thirty-four intervention kebeles (communities), which included the L10 K Platform, BEmONC, and PCQI, and 82 comparison kebeles, which included the L10 K Platform and BEmONC, were visited in December 2010-January 2011 and again 48 months later. Twelve women with children aged 0 to 11 months were interviewed in each kebele. Propensity score matching was used to estimate the program’s average treatment effects (ATEs) on women’s care seeking behavior, providers’ service provision behavior and households’ newborn care practices.RESULTS: The ATEs of PCQI were statistically significant (p < 0.05) for two care seeking behaviors - four or more antenatal care (ANC) visits and institutional deliveries at 14% (95% CI: 6, 21) and 11% (95% CI: 4, 17), respectively - and one service provision behavior - complete ANC at 17% (95% CI: 11, 24). We found no evidence of an effect on remaining outcomes relating to household newborn care practices, and postnatal care performed by the provider.CONCLUSIONS: National BEmONC strengthening and government initiatives to improve access and quality of maternal and newborn health services, together with L10 K Platform activities, appeared to work better for some care practices where communities were engaged in the PCQI strategy. Additional research with more robust measure of impact and cost-effectiveness analysis would be useful to establish effectiveness for a wider set of outcomes.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Community engagement;Maternal;Newborn;Quality improvement.

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