Could Anthropometric and Lipid Parameters Reflect Susceptibility to Breast Cancer? Comparison of Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer and Apparently Healt…
Authors of this article are:
Akalanka HMK Ekanayake S Samarasinghe K.
A summary of the article is shown below:
OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the serum lipid profiles and anthropometric parameters of newly diagnosed BC patients and healthy women.METHODS: Serum total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C), triglyceride (TG) and TC: HDL-C were measured in consent obtained newly diagnosed BC patients (n=155) and age matched apparently healthy females (n=75). Weight (W), height (H), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and mid upper arm circumference (MUC) of each women were recorded. Cut off values for each parameter was found by receiver operative characteristic (ROC) curves and risk associated with was calculated using SPSS version 16.RESULTS: Majority (67%) of BC women were postmenopausal. The mean TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, VLDL-C, TC: HDL-C, TG concentrations of BC patients who were not on cholesterol lowering drugs (n= 126) were 234 mg/dL (±51), 43 mg/dL (±10), 164 mg/dL (±44), 27 mg/dL (±14), 5.7(±1.7) and 135 mg/dL (±69) respectively. TC, LDL-C and TC: HDL-C of BC patients were significantly elevated when compared with healthy females. Significant difference in serum lipid profile parameters was not observed (p> 0.05) according to the menopausal status of BC and healthy women. One third (30.3%) of BC patients were overweight and 45% were obese. Majority had elevated WC (72%), W: H ratios (89%) and MUC (89%).BMI, W: H and MUC of BC women were significantly higher (p<0.05) when compared with healthy females.CONCLUSIONS: The lipid parameters TC, LDL-C and TC: HDL-C above 203 mg/dL, 139 mg/dL and 3.9 respectively were risk factors. Among anthropometric measures, BMI>25 kg/m2 showed the highest risk while elevated W:H and MUC were also significant risk factors among the study group.
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