Can two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography be useful for left ventricular assessment in the early stages of hereditary haemochromatosis?
Authors of this article are:
Rozwadowska K Daniłowicz-Szymanowicz L Fijałkowski M Sikorska K Gałąska R Kozłowski D Gruchała M Raczak G.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: Hereditary haemochromatosis (HH) is a common inherited disease. Abnormally increased intestinal iron absorption and accelerated recycling of iron by macrophages lead to progressive body iron accumulation and the generation of oxidative stress. In the late stages, iron overload can lead to dysfunction of the left ventricle (LV). It is believed that two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D STE) can evaluate LV dysfunction more accurately than conventional echocardiography. This accurate evaluation seems to be clinically important in the early stages of HH before substantial damage of the LV. Evaluation of this assessment was the purpose of this paper.METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 24 patients with early diagnosed HH and without any history of cardiovascular diseases; 23 healthy age- and sex-matched volunteers constituted the control group. Standard echocardiographic parameters and LV rotation and strain parameters were assessed and compared between the groups.RESULTS: All echocardiographic parameters were within normal ranges, and there were no differences between the groups. 2D STE revealed significantly worse basal and apical rotation, twist and torsion values in HH patients. The peak systolic longitudinal strain was decreased in HH patients, even though the LV ejection fraction (LVEF) was normal. There were weak correlations between the iron turnover and 2D STE parameters.CONCLUSIONS: 2D STE seems to be more sensitive than traditional echocardiography for detecting LV abnormalities in HH patients who are diagnosed early. The results of this study may be clinically useful, but their relevance and therapeutic implications remain to be confirmed by further studies.© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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