An insight into clinical outcome of XPG polymorphisms in breast cancer.
Authors of this article are:
Malik SS Mubarik S Masood N Khadim MT.
A summary of the article is shown below:
XPG polymorphisms are associated with varied clinical outcomes in different cancers but up-till now no study has been reported on breast cancer. Therefore, current study was aimed to explore the association of breast cancer risk factors and XPG polymorphisms (rs2296147 and rs1047768). It also investigated impact of XPG variants on overall survival and progression free survival among breast cancer cases. A total of 493 histopathologically identified breast cancer cases and 387 healthy females were genotyped by ARMS-PCR. Relationship between general characteristics, XPG polymorphisms and breast cancer risk was accessed by conditional logistic regression and illustrated by OR and 95% CI. Kaplan Meier test was applied to estimate survival distributions whereas log rank test demonstrated survival differences. Association of XPG variants with OS and PFS in breast cancer was illustrated by HR and 95% CI. Early onset of menopause, consanguinity and family history contributed (P < 0.05) towards breast cancer development. Both rs2296147 and rs1047768 SNPs were found to be associated (P < 0.05) with the risk of breast cancer. XPG rs1047768 was significantly associated with decreased PFS (HR 1.72; 95% CI 1.0-2.8) in breast cancer cases (P = 0.013) which was demonstrated by median time of 26 months for T > C variant when compared with median time of 37 months for TT genotype. No association was found between XPG rs2296147 polymorphism and survival analysis among breast cancer cases. XPG (rs1047768 T > C) variant may play a significant role in terms of decreased PFS and could be used as a predictor of unfavourable prognosis among breast cancer.
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