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Variants p.Q1236H and p.E1143G in mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma POLG1 are not associated with increased risk for valproate-induced hepatotoxic…

A new interesting article has been published in Epilepsia. 2018 Sep 26. doi: 10.1111/epi.14568. and titled:

Variants p.Q1236H and p.E1143G in mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma POLG1 are not associated with increased risk for valproate-induced hepatotoxic…

Authors of this article are:
Hynynen J Pokka T Komulainen-Ebrahim J Myllynen P Kärppä M Pylvänen L Kälviäinen R Sokka A0 Jyrkilä A0 Lähdetie J Haataja L Mäkitalo A Ylikotila P Eriksson K Haapala P Ansakorpi H Hinttala R Vieira P Majamaa K Rantala H Uusimaa J.

A summary of the article is shown below:
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested that heterozygous variants p.Q1236H and p.E1143G in mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (POLG1) increase the risk for liver injury for patients on valproate (VPA) therapy. We assessed the prevalence of these common variants and seven other pathogenic mutations in POLG1 and determined the occurrence of VPA-induced hepatotoxicity (VHT) or pancreatic toxicity in a cohort of patients with epilepsy.METHODS: Patients with epilepsy (N = 367) were retrospectively identified from medical record files and screened for mutations in POLG1. Patients who had received VPA monotherapy and carried either of the two variants, p.Q1236H or p.E1143G, without other pathogenic mutations in POLG1 (n = 33, variant group) and patients without these variants (n = 28, nonvariant group) were included in the study. Clinical data on epilepsy, characteristics of VPA treatment, risk factors for VHT, laboratory data on liver and pancreas functions, and adverse effects were collected.RESULTS: A total of 122 patients had either the POLG1 p.Q1236H (n = 99) or p.E1143G (n = 24) variant in the heterozygous or homozygous state. Transient liver dysfunction was identified in three (n = 33, 9.1%) variant group patients and in one (n = 28, 3.6%) nonvariant group patient (P = 0.62). Mild to moderate elevations in liver enzymes were encountered in both groups. Furthermore, two patients on VPA polytherapy developed acute pancreatitis, and two pediatric patients with heterozygous p.Q1236H variants and mutations in IQSEC2 and GLDC, respectively, had elevated levels of VPA metabolites in urine, elevated plasma glycine, and/or increased acylglycine excretion.SIGNIFICANCE: POLG1 p.Q1236H and p.E1143G variants could not be identified as statistically significant risk factors for VHT or pancreatic toxicity. We suggest that VPA treatment could be suitable for patients who harbor these common variants in the absence of other pathogenic mutations in POLG1.Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2018 International League Against Epilepsy.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: drug-induced liver injury;mtDNA;mutation;pancreatitis.

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