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The Changing Landscape of Childhood Tuberculosis in the United Kingdom: A Retrospective Cohort (2000 to 2015).

A new interesting article has been published in Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Sep 25. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000002200. and titled:

The Changing Landscape of Childhood Tuberculosis in the United Kingdom: A Retrospective Cohort (2000 to 2015).

Authors of this article are:
Mohiyuddin T Seddon JA Thomas HL Lalor MK.

A summary of the article is shown below:
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) is changing in the United Kingdom (UK) and globally. Childhood TB is a key indicator of recent transmission and provides a marker of wider TB control. We describe the recent epidemiology of childhood TB in the UK, how this compares to TB in adults, and document changes with time.METHODS: TB cases notified in the UK between 2000 and 2015 were categorized as children (<15 years) or adults (≥15 years). Descriptive analyses were carried out on demographic, clinical and microbiological data. We carried out logistic regressions to identify risk factors associated with children having no microbiological confirmation.RESULTS: In the study period, 6,293 (5%) TB cases in the UK were notified in children. Childhood TB incidence declined from 487 cases in 2000 (3.4 per 100,000) to 232 cases (2.0 per 100,000) in 2015. The majority (68%) of children with TB were UK born, with a high proportion of Pakistani (24%) and Black-African (22%) ethnicity. 64% of children had pulmonary disease. Culture confirmation was low (24%). Children who were younger, UK born and those with extra-pulmonary disease were less likely to have microbiologically confirmed TB. A high proportion (87%) of children completed treatment at last recorded outcome, with few deaths (39 cases; 0.7%).CONCLUSION: The incidence of TB in children in the UK has decreased in the past 16 years, with the majority of children completing TB treatment. Ongoing monitoring of childhood TB will provide a measure of the effectiveness of the national TB program.
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