Photoelectron spectroscopy and thermochemistry of o-, m-, and p-methylenephenoxide anions.
Authors of this article are:
Nelson DJ Gichuhi WK Nichols CM Bierbaum VM Lineberger WC Lehman JH .
A summary of the article is shown below:
The anionic products following (H + H+) ion from o-, m-, and p-methylphenol (cresol) are investigated using flowing afterglow-selected ion flow tube (FA-SIFT) mass spectrometry and anion photoelectron spectroscopy (PES). The PES of the multiple anion isomers formed in this reaction are reported, including those for the most abundant isomers, o-, m- and p-methylenephenoxide distonic radical anions. The electron affinity (EA) of the ground triplet electronic state of neutral m-methylenephenoxyl diradical was measured to be 2.227 ± 0.008 eV. However, the ground singlet electronic states of o- and p-methylenephenoxyl were found to be significantly stabilized by their resonance forms as a substituted cyclohexadienone, resulting in measured EAs of 1.217 ± 0.012 and 1.096 ± 0.007 eV, respectively. Upon electron photodetachment, the resulting neutral molecules were shown to have Franck-Condon active ring distortion vibrational modes with measured frequencies of 570 ± 180 and 450 ± 80 cm-1 for the ortho and para isomers, respectively. Photodetachment to excited electronic states was also investigated for all isomers, where similar vibrational modes were found to be Franck-Condon active, and singlet-triplet splittings are reported. The thermochemistry of these molecules was investigated using FA-SIFT combined with the acid bracketing technique to yield values of 341.4 ± 4.3, 349.1 ± 3.0, and 341.4 ± 4.3 kcal mol-1 for the o-, m-, and p-methylenephenol radicals, respectively. Construction of a thermodynamic cycle allowed for an experimental determination of the bond dissociation energy of the O-H bond of m-methylenephenol radical to be 86 ± 4 kcal mol-1, while this bond is significantly weaker for the ortho and para isomers at 55 ± 5 and 52 ± 5 kcal mol-1, respectively. Additional EAs and vibrational frequencies are reported for several methylphenyloxyl diradical isomers, the negative ions of which are also formed by the reaction of cresol with O-.
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