Patient-specific Rods for Surgical Correction of Sagittal Imbalance in Adults: Technical Aspects and Preliminary Results.
Authors of this article are:
Solla F Barrey CY Burger E Kleck CJ Fière V.
A summary of the article is shown below:
STUDY DESIGN: This was an innovative concept and a preliminary prospective series.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present the concept and the technical aspects of patient-specific rods (PSR), and compare preoperative and postoperative sagittal parameters (after PSR implantation), with a special focus on the difference pelvic incidence (PI)-lumbar lordosis (LL).BACKGROUND: Despite established techniques for planning and proven correlations between quality of life and sagittal alignment, some patients do not achieve optimal radiologic outcomes after surgery and are still hypolordotic and imbalanced. We hypothesize that the use of PSR could improve the correspondence between planning and surgical realization.METHODS: The planning was based on spinopelvic parameters evaluated on a full-spine x-ray. The surgical procedure including osteotomies was simulated using a dedicated program to reach the following objectives: PI-LL<10 degrees, a pelvic tilt <20 degrees, and sagittal vertical axis <50 mm. From the virtually corrected spine, the rod curvature and length were defined. Two PSRs were thus precisely manufactured and bent to this specification. Adults with degenerative spinal disorders requiring a construct ≥5 levels were implanted with PSR and prospectively included. We compared ratios through the χ test.RESULTS: A total of 60 patients (mean age of 64.4 years old; range, 34-83) were included. Follow-up was carried out over a period of 1 year. Average pedicle screws construct was of 6.4 levels (range, 5-9). Eight patients underwent a pedicle subtraction osteotomy. PI-LL was <10 degrees at baseline in 29/60 patients, and at follow-up in 50/60 (odds ratio=5, P=E-5).CONCLUSIONS: The ratio of patients with optimal PI-LL improved significantly from PSR implantation. In comparison with published data for conventional surgery, patients implanted with PSR were 2.6 times more likely to be optimally corrected. The expected benefits of PSR include the optimal execution of the plan, decreased mechanical complications, and reduced operating time, no longer requiring the bending of rods during surgery. A randomized trial on sagittal correction using PSR is ongoing.
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