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Oxygen-Rich Porous Carbon Derived from Biomass for Mercury Removal: An Experimental and Theoretical Study.

A new interesting article has been published in Langmuir. 2018 Oct 9;34(40):12049-12057. doi: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b02656. Epub 2018 Sep 25. and titled:

Oxygen-Rich Porous Carbon Derived from Biomass for Mercury Removal: An Experimental and Theoretical Study.

Authors of this article are:
Shen F1, Liu J1, Zhang Z1, Dong Y1, Yang Y1, Wu D1.

A summary of the article is shown below:
A porous carbon was synthesized by the combination of freeze-drying and CO2 activation from starch. Nonthermal plasma was employed to quickly produce oxygen functional groups on a porous carbon surface. The plasma treatment has a negligible effect on the textural properties of the porous carbon. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses suggested that the plasma treatment significantly increased the amount and promoted the evolution of oxygen groups on surface. The unique pore structure of porous carbon was proven favorable to effective oxygen loading. The elemental mercury (Hg0) adsorption ability of the oxygen enriched porous carbon was tested. The results indicated that the oxygen-rich porous carbon constitutes an effective sorbent for Hg0 removal. The excellent textural properties, surface atomic oxygen concentration, and the type of oxygen group are the three key factors for realizing high Hg0 removal performance. Density functional calculations were performed to understand the effect of oxygen groups on Hg0 adsorption. Carbonyl and ester groups are beneficial for Hg0 adsorption, whereas epoxy, carboxyl, and hydroxyl groups inhibit Hg0 adsorption. Plasma treatment enhances Hg0 adsorption by increasing the amount of ester and carbonyl groups on surface.

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