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Involvement of microRNA-423 Gene Variability in Breast Cancer Progression in Saudi Arabia

A new interesting article has been published in Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2018 Sep 26;19(9):2581-2589. and titled:

Involvement of microRNA-423 Gene Variability in Breast Cancer Progression in Saudi Arabia

Authors of this article are:
Mir R Al Balawi IA Duhier FMA.

A summary of the article is shown below:
AIM: microRNA-423 is an oncogenic factor which is frequently upregulated in cancer. However, associations with breast cancer risk remain inconsistent. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of microRNA-423 rs6505162C>T gene variation with breast cancer susceptibility in Saudi women.METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted on 100 breast cancer patients and 124 matched healthy individuals. Genotyping of the microRNA-423 rs6505162C/T gene variation was performed by using the amplification refractory mutation system PCR method (ARMS-PCR).RESULTS: A significant difference was observed in the genotype distribution between the breast cancer cases and controls (p=0.0001), the frequencies of the genotypes CC,CT and TT being 25%, 52% and 23% in patients and 65%,20% and 15% respectively, in controls. The microRNA-423 C>T variant was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in codominant models for (OR = 6.73, 95 % CI, 3.50-12.97; RR 2.35(1.67-3.30, p=0.0001) the microRNA-423TT genotype and (OR = 4.14, 95 % CI, 1.93-8.87; p=0.0003) microRNA-423CT (OR= 6.73, 95% CI, 3.50-12.97; p=0.0001) and also with the dominant model (OR 5.6(3.14-1.01), p=0.0001) CT+TT vs CC) with a non-significant association for the recessive model (OR=1.75, 95%CI=0.08-3.44, P=0.139, TT vs CC+CT). The T allele significantly increased the risk of breast cancer (OR =2.63, 95 % CI, 1.77-3.91; p=0.001) compared to the C allele. Some 6.73 ,4.14 and 2.63 fold increased risk of developing breast cancer was associated with TT and CT genotypes and the T allele of microRNA-423 in the northwestern region of Saudi Arabia.CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that the microRNA-423 TT genotype and the T allele are associated with an increased susceptibility, metastasis and advanced stage of breast cancer in Saudi Arabian patients. Further studies with larger sample sizes are necessary to confirm our findings.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:

This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: microRNA-423;SNP- Single-nucleotide polymorphism;ARMS-Amplification refractory mutation system.

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