Immunohistochemical Characterization Improves the Reproducibility of the Histological Diagnosis of Ovarian Carcinoma
Authors of this article are:
Missaoui N Salhi S Bdioui A Mestiri S Abdessayed N Mokni M Yacoubi MT.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of gynecologic cancer-related death. Histological assessment remains the standard clue for the diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma. Misinterpretation and inconsistent application of histological criteria may lead to signiﬁcant interobserver variability and poor reproducibility of the diagnosis. In this study, we investigated the discrepancy in histological diagnosis and the significance of a designed panel of immunohistochemical markers for the improvement of the diagnostic reproducibility of ovarian carcinomas.METHODS: We performed a retrospective study on 74 ovarian carcinomas. All tumor slides were independently reviewed by two pathologists. The results for seven available immunomarkers as p53, WT-1, p16INK4A, CK7, CK20, and estrogen and progesterone receptors were determined for all cases by immunohistochemistry.RESULTS: The histological diagnosis review performed using standard histology showed a concordance of diagnoses in 86% of cases with Cohen’s kappa of 0.80. Immunohistochemical results increased significantly the diagnosis reproducibility with a concordance of 91% and a Cohen’s kappa of 0.86 (P = 0.001).CONCLUSION: Although the histological diagnosis remains reliable, the use of a designed panel of immunohistochemical markers improves significantly the interobserver concordance and the classification accuracy of ovarian carcinomas.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Carcinoma;ovary;diagnosis;histology;immunohistochemistry;reproducibility.
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