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From mutations to mechanisms and dysfunction via computation and mining of protein energy landscapes.

A new interesting article has been published in BMC Genomics. 2018 Sep 24;19(Suppl 7):671. doi: 10.1186/s12864-018-5024-z. and titled:

From mutations to mechanisms and dysfunction via computation and mining of protein energy landscapes.

Authors of this article are:
Qiao W Akhter N Fang X Maximova T Plaku E Shehu A.

A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: The protein energy landscape underscores the inherent nature of proteins as dynamic molecules interconverting between structures with varying energies. Reconstructing a protein’s energy landscape holds the key to characterizing a protein’s equilibrium conformational dynamics and its relationship to function. Many pathogenic mutations in protein sequences alter the equilibrium dynamics that regulates molecular interactions and thus protein function. In principle, reconstructing energy landscapes of a protein’s healthy and diseased variants is a central step to understanding how mutations impact dynamics, biological mechanisms, and function.RESULTS: Recent computational advances are yielding detailed, sample-based representations of protein energy landscapes. In this paper, we propose and describe two novel methods that leverage computed, sample-based representations of landscapes to reconstruct them and extract from them informative local structures that reveal the underlying organization of an energy landscape. Such structures constitute landscape features that, as we demonstrate here, can be utilized to detect alterations of landscapes upon mutation.CONCLUSIONS: The proposed methods detect altered protein energy landscape features in response to sequence mutations. By doing so, the methods allow formulating hypotheses on the impact of mutations on specific biological activities of a protein. This work demonstrates that the availability of energy landscapes of healthy and diseased variants of a protein opens up new avenues to harness the quantitative information embedded in landscapes to summarize mechanisms via which mutations alter protein dynamics to percolate to dysfunction.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:

This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Basins;Energy landscape;Equilibrium dynamics;Landscape mining;Landscape reconstruction;Pathogenic mutations;Protein dysfunction;Saddles.

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