Epidemiology of Aspergillus species causing keratitis in Mexico.
Authors of this article are:
Al-Hatmi AMS Castro MA de Hoog GS Badali H Alvarado VF Verweij PE Meis JF Zago VV.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: The incidence of fungal keratitis has increased in recent years. While the epidemiology and clinical roles of various Candida and Fusarium species has been relatively well-identified in infections of the eye, data regarding keratitis caused by Aspergillus species are scant. Accurate and rapid diagnosis is important for successful management of this infection.OBJECTIVES: To present the first molecular epidemiological data from Mexico during a four-year period of cases admitted with Aspergillus keratitis to a tertiary care eye institution in Mexico City.PATIENTS/METHODS: A total of 25 cases of keratitis were included in the study. Aspergillus isolates were identified by sequencing the calmodulin gene. Antifungal susceptibility was tested according to CLSI.RESULTS: The etiological agents belonged to Aspergillus flavus (n = 13), A. effusus (n = 1), A. tamarii (n = 4), A. sydowii (n = 1), A. protuberus (n = 3) and A. terreus (n = 3). All strains had low minimum inhibitory concentration (MICs) of itraconazole and voriconazole. Amphotericin B and natamycin showed moderate elevated MICs.CONCLUSIONS: Early diagnosis and application of topical VCZ 1% were associated with good outcome. Monitoring of local epidemiological data plays an important role in clinical practice. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Aspergillus ;antifungals;calmodulin;epidemiology;keratitis;trauma.
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