Dietary Patterns: A new therapeutic approach for depression?
Authors of this article are:
Jesus M Silva T Cagigal C Martins V Silva C.
A summary of the article is shown below:
INTRODUCTION: The field of nutritional psychiatry is a fast growing one. Although initially it focused on the effects of vitamins and micronutrients in mental health, in the last decade started to focus also on the dietary patterns. The possibility of a dietary cost-effective intervention in the most common mental disorder, depression, cannot be overlooked due to its potential large-scale impact.METHODS: A classic review of the literature was conducted, and studies published between 2010 and 2018 focusing on the impact of dietary patterns in depression and depressive symptoms were included.RESULTS: We found 10 studies that fitted our criteria. Most studies showed an inverse association between healthy dietary patterns, rich in fruits, vegetables, lean meats, nuts and whole grains, and with low intake of processed and sugary foods, and depression and depressive symptoms throughout an array of age groups, although some authors reported statistical significance only in women. While most studies were of cross-sectional design, making it difficult to infer causality, a randomized controlled trial presented similar results.DISCUSSION: The association between dietary patterns and depression is now well-established, although the exact etiological pathways are still unknown. Dietary intervention, with the implementation of healthier dietary patterns, closer to the traditional ones, can play an important role in the prevention and adjunctive therapy of depression and depressive symptoms.CONCLUSION: More large scale randomized clinical trials need to be conducted, in order to confirm the association between high quality dietary patterns and lower risk of depression and depressive symptoms.Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Depression;Dietary patterns;Foods ;Mood disorders;Nutrition;Nutritional psychiatry.
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