Clinical Value of CXCL5 for Determining of Colorectal Cancer
Authors of this article are:
Yildirim K Colak E Aktimur R Gun S Taskin MH Nigdelioglu A Aktimur SH Karagöz F Ozlem N.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: Several studies indicate that chemokines play important roles in colorectal mucosal immunity. The chemokine CXCL5 which is expressed by epithelial cells within colorectal mucosa is a promoter of cell proliferation, migration and invasion, is a novel serum prognostic marker in patients with colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether serum and tissue CXCL5 levels is altered in colorectal carcinomas (CRC) compared to colonic adenoma and normal mucosa.It also aimed to compare colon adenoma and colorectal cancer for blood CXCL5 and CEA levels, their sensitivity, and specificity.METHODS: CXCL5 expression was assessed with immunohistochemistry staining in biopsy samples taken during colonoscopy in 22 colonic adenomas, 23 colorectal carcinomas and 23 normal colonic tissue samples. Also all patients’ serum CXCL5 and CEA levels were measured. This stduy was prospective observational study.RESULTS: The number of cases who were stained positive with immunohistochemistry was found to be higher in the group with CRC. When compared with the other groups, both levels of serum CXCL5 and CEA were significantly high in the group CRC. Sensitivity and specificity of serum CXCL5 were found to be low as a result of the ROC analysis.CONCLUSION: Although the level of CXCL5 is high in CRC, its level in serum is not significant enough to support the early diagnosis of the disease.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Colon;colorectal cancer;cytokine;immunohistochemistry;tumor.
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