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A graph-based filtering method for top-down mass spectral identification.

A new interesting article has been published in BMC Genomics. 2018 Sep 24;19(Suppl 7):666. doi: 10.1186/s12864-018-5026-x. and titled:

A graph-based filtering method for top-down mass spectral identification.

Authors of this article are:
Yang R Zhu D.

A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: Database search has been the main approach for proteoform identification by top-down tandem mass spectrometry. However, when the target proteoform that produced the spectrum contains post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or mutations, it is quite time consuming to align a query spectrum against all protein sequences without any PTMs and mutations in a large database. Consequently, it is essential to develop efficient and sensitive filtering algorithms for speeding up database search.RESULTS: In this paper, we propose a spectrum graph matching (SGM) based protein sequence filtering method for top-down mass spectral identification. It uses the subspectra of a query spectrum to generate spectrum graphs and searches them against a protein database to report the best candidates. As the sequence tag and gaped tag approaches need the preprocessing step to extract and select tags, the SGM filtering method circumvents this preprocessing step, thus simplifying data processing. We evaluated the filtration efficiency of the SGM filtering method with various parameter settings on an Escherichia coli top-down mass spectrometry data set and compared the performances of the SGM filtering method and two tag-based filtering methods on a data set of MCF-7 cells.CONCLUSIONS: Experimental results on the data sets show that the SGM filtering method achieves high sensitivity in protein sequence filtration. When coupled with a spectral alignment algorithm, the SGM filtering method significantly increases the number of identified proteoform spectrum-matches compared with the tag-based methods in top-down mass spectrometry data analysis.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:

This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Filtering algorithm;Mass spectrometry;Spectrum graph.

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