Sr2FeIrO4: Square-Planar Ir(II) in an Extended Oxide.
Authors of this article are:
Page JE1, Morgan HWT1, Zeng D1, Manuel P2, McGrady JE1, Hayward MA1.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Topochemical reduction of the double-perovskite oxide Sr2FeIrO6 under dilute hydrogen leads to the formation of Sr2FeIrO4. This phase consists of ordered infinite sheets of apex-linked Fe2+O4 and Ir2+O4 squares stacked with Sr2+ cations and is the first report of Ir2+ in an extended oxide phase. Plane-wave density functional theory calculations indicate high-spin Fe2+ (d6, S = 2) and low-spin Ir2+ (d7, S = 1/2) configurations for the metals and confirm that both ions have a doubly occupied d z2 orbital, a configuration that is emerging as a consistent feature of all layered oxide phases of this type. The stability and double occupation of d z2 in the Ir2+ ions invites a somewhat unexpected analogy to the extensively studied Ir4+ ion as both ions share a common near-degenerate (d xy/ xz/ yz)5 valence configuration. On cooling below 115 K, Sr2FeIrO4 enters a magnetically ordered state in which the Ir and Fe sublattices adopt type II antiferromagnetically coupled networks which interpenetrate each other, leading to frustration in the nearest-neighbor Fe-O-Ir couplings, half of which are ferromagnetic and half antiferromagnetic. The spin frustration drives a symmetry-lowering structural distortion in which the four equivalent Ir-O and Fe-O distances of the tetragonal I4/ mmm lattice split into two mutually trans pairs in a lattice with monoclinic I112/ m symmetry. This strong magneto-lattice coupling arises from the novel local electronic configurations of the Fe2+ and Ir2+ cations and their cation-ordered arrangement in a distorted perovskite lattice.
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