Metabolomics of exhaled breath condensate by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry: a methodological approach.
Authors of this article are:
Maniscalco M1, Cutignano A2, Paris D2, Melck DJ2, Molino A2, Fuschillo S1, Motta A2.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Respiratory diseases present a very high prevalence in the general population, with an increase in morbidity, mortality and health-care expenses worldwide. They are complex and heterogeneous pathologies that may present different pathological facets in different subjects, often with personal evolution. Therefore, there is a need to identify patients with similar characteristics, prognosis or treatment, defining the so-called phenotype, but also to mark specific differences within each phenotype, defining the endotypes. Biomarkers are very useful to study respiratory phenotypes and endotypes. Metabolomics, one of the recently introduced “omics”, is becoming a leading technique for biomarker discovery. For the airways, metabolomics appears to be well suited as the respiratory tract offers a natural matrix, the exhaled breath condensate (EBC), in which several biomarkers can be measured. In this review, we will discuss the main methodological issues related to the application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (MS) to EBC metabolomics for investigating respiratory diseases.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Airway diseases;Exhaled breath condensate;Lung;MS spectrometry;Metabolomics;NMR spectroscopy ;Rehabilitation.
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