Biology

Hormones

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Hormone Chemistry Endocrine Origin
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) protein (201) Anterior lobe of pituitary
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) protein (204)
Luteinizing hormone (LH) protein (204)
Prolactin (PRL) protein (198)
Growth hormone (GH) protein (191)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) peptide (39)
Vasopressin peptide (9) Posterior lobe of pituitary
Oxytocin peptide (9)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) peptide (3) Hypothalamus
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) peptide (10)
Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) peptides (40, 44)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) peptide (41)
Somatostatin peptides (14, 28)
Dopamine tyrosine derivative
Melatonin tryptophan derivative Pineal gland
Thyroxine (T4) tyrosine derivative Thyroid Gland
Calcitonin peptide (32)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) protein (84) Parathyroid glands
FGF-23 (phosphatonin) protein (251) Bone
Osteocalcin peptide (49)
Lipocalin 2 protein (198)
Erythropoietin (EPO) protein (166)
Glucocorticoids (e.g., cortisol) steroids Adrenal cortex
Mineralocorticoids (e.g., aldosterone) steroids
Androgens (e.g., testosterone) steroids
Adrenaline (epinephrine) tyrosine derivative Adrenal medulla
Noradrenaline (norepinephrine) tyrosine derivative
Estrogens (e.g., estradiol) steroid Ovarian follicle
Progesterone steroid Corpus luteum and placenta
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) protein (237) Trophoblast and placenta
Androgens (e.g., testosterone) steroid Testes
Insulin protein (51) Pancreas (Islets of Langerhans)
Glucagon peptide (29)
Somatostatin peptides (14, 28)
Amylin peptide (37)
Erythropoietin (EPO) protein (166) Kidney
Calcitriol steroid derivative
Calciferol (vitamin D3) steroid derivative Skin
Atrial-natriuretic peptide (ANP) peptides (28, 32) Heart
Gastrin peptides (e.g., 14) Stomach and intestine
Secretin peptide (27)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) peptides (e.g., 8)
Fibroblast Growth Factor 19 (FGF19) protein (216)
Incretins peptides (e.g., 31, 42)
Somatostatin peptides (14, 28)
Neuropeptide Y peptide (36)
Ghrelin peptide (28)
PYY3-36 peptide (34)
Serotonin tryptophan derivative
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) protein (70) Liver
Angiotensinogen protein (485)
Thrombopoietin protein (332)
Hepcidin peptide (25)
Betatrophin protein (193)
Leptin protein (167) Fat cells (adipocytes)
Retinol Binding Protein 4 protein (~180)
Adiponectin protein (117)
Asprosin protein (140)